De' Tour Guide

Saturday, September 22, 2007

Xi'an : Terracotta Warriors

Date : 1st Sept 2007

We left Gloria Plaza Hotel ( where we will be staying for 2 days 1 night ) at North Yanta Rd and hop into a coach bus which took us about 45 minutes from our hotel to the Terracotta excavation site.

As we're heading to the excavation site , we do really suffer enjoy our 45 min bus trip. The bus keep on bumping up and down. The suspension must be too hard. Some dealers and I were at the rear seats and we do really digested our food instantly * within 45 min too * -__-"

Finally all those bumpy rides , we reached the most significant archaeological excavations site of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses.

This excavations exhibition exterior looks like a grand palace style * chinese do have their creativity minds *

Before you enter their halls , you need to purchase a ticket for indoor tour. It doesn't cost much as the entrance fee is about RMB 20 ( RM10 ).

Outside of the entrance , there's a little cottage which contained lots of terracotta warriors and horses in miniature size. Some even in boxes ( contained the general , officer , archer , horse , warrior ). Besides that , you can get autograph from those farmer ( the discoverer of the ancient dolls during 1975 ). Each book stated price of RMB 100. Everything is expensive inside here. Some even act as fake farmer. You wont realize until you see the signature of the book are totally different and did not have any documents to proof but the advantage is that they charge lesser for a book * 50% discount * :P Actual farmers whom discovered the excavation are only few. About 5 of them. Most them passed away due to old age. Only left 2-3 only ( if not mistaken after translated by our pretty tourguide )

Here are some picture of the interior excavations site. This section was not suppose to be photographed. Why?

There's a man open a stall for group photo business. If each of us wanna take a picture with this blardy background ( only this angle ) , we have to pay RMB 50 for that. Awww China man are really money minded :(

More pictures of PIT 1 excavation site ( the largest excavation pit ) ...

A fake up close of a terracotta warriors and horses ... * if we can reach this close , mostly are fakes *

Some old-fashioned weapons during the era of Dynasty Qin were found in this excavations.

The warrior that squad down are mainly the Qin's Archer. Always alert.

Some were left with no head ( due to some crazy warlord burn down Qin's tomb ) and with some landslide incident too.

Some Short Stories of the famous ruler of China , QinShiHuang.

Emperor QInshihuang was the first emperor in China's history. He was a great politician, leader who unified the country and started off a 2,000-year-long imperial history in China and exerted a far-reaching influence on the subsequent dynasties.

Emperor Qinshihuang seceded to the throne at the age of 13. During the Spring and Autumn Period china experienced a social turbulence and chaos. Though the king remained his position as the overlord, he has no more controlled his vassals, intrigue and vice rampant. The whole country was actually divided into several small states, each with a ruler. In order to expand their territory, strengthening their power, the stronger claimed wars on the weaker regularly, resulting in the disunity and disorder of the country. Qin State gradually became stronger through series of power struggle. In 230 Bc, Yinzheng conquered the other six smaller states and unified the country. He claimed himself the first emperor-shihuang, means the first Emperor.

Although, Emperor Qinshihuang reigned his country for a short period of less than 40 years, he has made great achievements in the social development in Chinese history. To consolidate and protect his newly-established regime, the emperor reformed politics, economy and culture. He had the walls built by collapsed six states along their frontiers linked together and had the Great Wall built. After the founding of the dynasty, Emperor Qin standardized the language and writing of China, which had varied greatly from area to area during the Warring States Period. Also, currency became standardized as a circular copper coin with a square hole in the middle. Measurements and axle length were also made uniform. Many public works projects were also undertaken. He had the walls built by collapsed six states along their frontiers linked together and had the Great Wall built. Roads and irrigation canals were built throughout the country. The famous Ling Canal, located in Xing'an Town, some 70 kilometers away form Guilin in Guangxi Province was built at that time. The century long irritation project now still works very well.

At the same time of taking effective measure to strengthen his country, Emperor Qinshihuang exhausted his resource to built luxurious palaces for personal pleasure. Shortly after his succeeding to his father's throng at the age of 13, the emperor began to build his huge mausoleum for enjoyment after death. Interestingly, Emperor Qinshihuang believed in eternity and he even ordered his ministers to seek for an elixir of immortality.

The emperor died in 259 BC and was buried in the elaborately built mausoleum in Lishan.

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